|Dragon Ball character|
Master Roshi's first appearance in the manga, drawn by Akira Toriyama
|First appearance||Dragon Ball Chapter 3: Goku - Running to the Sea (17 July 1984)|
|Created by||Akira Toriyama|
|Portrayed by||Chow Yun-fat (Dragonball Evolution)|
|Alias||The Turtle Hermit (sobriquet)|
|Occupation||Martial arts teacher (retired)|
|Relatives||Fortune-teller Baba (older sister)|
Master Roshi, commonly referred to in the original Japanese as Kame Sennin (亀仙人, lit. "Turtle Hermit") and also known as Muten Rōshi (武天老師, short for lit. "Martial Arts Genius Master"), is a fictional character from the Dragon Ball series created by Akira Toriyama.
Within the series, he is an elderly martial arts master who is the innovator of the Kamehameha (カメハメ波) technique. His students include Grandpa Gohan, The Ox-King, Son Goku, Krillin and Yamcha. He is bald, sports a thick van dyke beard, and wears sunglasses, beach clothes, or martial arts suits. He usually wields a walking stick and, in early appearances, wears a turtle's shell on his back. In spite of his lechery, cantankerousness and occasional whimsy or foolishness, he is often depicted as wise and perceptive. Reception for the character has been mostly positive, although certain personality traits have been noted as questionable and criticized.
Master Roshi's design was inspired by the character of Kami-sama from Toriyama's previous manga Dr. Slump[vol. 2:afterword] and accordingly was originally voiced by the late Kōhei Miyauchi, who also voiced Kami-sama in the original Dr. Slump anime. For unknown reasons Miyauchi was unavailable for the recording of Dragon Ball Episode #137; the role was played by series narrator Jōji Yanami. Miyauchi's final acting session before he died was for episode 260 of Dragon Ball Z, which he recorded only 3 months before his death. Kame-Sennin is voiced by the late Hiroshi Masuoka from episode 288 of Dragon Ball Z onward, in Dragon Ball GT and the 2008 Jump Super Anime Tour film. He is voiced by the late Kinya Aikawa in the 10th anniversary movie, by Takko Ishimori in gameplay of Dragon Ball: Advanced Adventure, and by Masaharu Satō in the thirteenth Dragon Ball Z movie and all media following Dragon Ball Kai.
In the Ocean dub, he is voiced by Michael Donovan, Ian James Corlett, Peter Kelamis, Don Brown, and Terry Klassen at various points. Dean Galloway voices him in the Blue Water dub, while Mike McFarland voices him in the Funimation dub. Other English dub voice actors include Ed Marcus, Amir Khafila, Nesty Ramirez, Dave Bridges, and Kirk Thornton.
Master Roshi's first appearance is in chapter #3 of the Dragon Ball manga. Roshi lives with his longtime companion, an anthropomorphic turtle referred to as Umigame (ウミガメ, "Sea Turtle"), on an island with a house built on it known as "Kame House". Kame House eventually serves as a gathering place for Goku and his associates throughout the series, as well as a home for certain recurring characters like Oolong or Krillin and his young family. When wishing to fight anonymously at the World Martial Arts Tournament, Roshi assumes a disguise and calls himself "Jackie Chun".
Master Roshi is consistently depicted as a pervert who frequently flirts with or harasses physically attractive female characters. In Chapter 5 of the Dragon Ball manga series, published in Weekly Shōnen Jump on January 15, 1985, Roshi makes sexual advances on "Bulma" who is wearing a suggestive bunny costume; it is in fact an impersonation by a shapeshifting Oolong, who seduces Roshi by inviting him to place his face between his "breasts" and calls the act "Puff Puff".
When tasked with putting out a fire on Mount Frypan, Master Roshi demonstrated an ability to greatly increase his energy. In this state, his appearance changes dramatically, with an enormous increase in muscle mass and likewise height which was nearly equal to Piccolo. Due to his natural precision in battle, this bulky state does not appear to affect his speed and agility. In this state, he can perform many ki attacks at their maximum potential, most noticeably an enhanced version of his Kamehameha attack, which was so powerful that it was able to destroy the moon.
At the beginning of the Dragon Ball series, he is considered to be the strongest mortal fighter in the Dragon Ball universe, however his power level began to pale in comparison to Goku and his allies later in the series. While his legacy is demonstrated in the prolific use of the Kamehameha technique by numerous characters in the series, his prominence have diminished greatly by the time Goku reaches adulthood. He would only make occasional appearances as a supporting character and no longer operate as an active fighter.
In Toriyama's films and Dragon Ball Super
Master Roshi would return to prominence as a major character with the revival of the Dragon Ball series in the 2010s. In the film Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection 'F' and its counterpart story arc in Dragon Ball Super, Master Roshi would join Goku and his friends in their fight against a resurrected Frieza leading his army to Earth and exact vengeance against Goku. It is also implied on one episode that the Paradise Grass is the source of Master Roshi's long lifespan, as he claims that eating some of it would allow him to live on for another millennia.
In the Universe Survival arc of Dragon Ball Super, Roshi is revealed to have been secretly training and holding back his true strength, Roshi is recruited as one of the representatives of the Seventh Universe by Goku. But as his perverted behavior got him caught in a mind control spell by a Crane School student named Yurin, Roshi enlists Puar to build up a resistance to beautiful women. While Master Roshi managed to eliminate four competitors from other universes during the tournament, he was forced to eliminate himself when an altercation with the Sixth Universe warrior Frost nearly killed him from excessive using the Mafuba technique.
In other media
In June 1988, Master Roshi along with other Dragon Ball characters were featured in two public safety announcement shorts. The first was entitled The Goku Traffic Safety (悟空の交通安全, Gokū no Kōtsū Anzen), and the second called The Goku Fire Fighting Regiment (悟空の消防隊, Gokū no Shōbō-tai) where he along with Krillin, Yamcha, and later Goku become volunteer fire fighters.
Roshi was included as one of eight character pairings in Dragon Ball x One Piece: Cross Epoch, a crossover manga between their respective Dragon Ball and One Piece series. In the 2013 crossover TV special Dream 9 Toriko & One Piece & Dragon Ball Z Super Collaboration Special!! (ドリーム9 トリコ&ワンピース&ドラゴンボールZ 超コラボスペシャル!), Roshi is one of the participants in the Food Tournament (Tenkaichi Kuōkai), consisting of a race to the center of the hosting island and the championship prize of luxuriously rare Carat Sizzled Cattle, hosted by the International Gourmet Organization (IGO).
- Dragon Ball Z: Ultimate Battle 22
- Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi
- Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 2 (Playable w/Jackie Chun as an alternate outfit, has MAX Power Mode as transformation)
- Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 3 (same as above.)
- Dragon Ball: Advanced Adventure (Playable as Jackie Chun)
- Dragon Ball FighterZ (DLC)
Master Roshi has received particular attention for his lecherous behavior. The slang term "Puff Puff" is derived from the Japanese onomatopoeia for a woman rubbing her breasts in another person's face though it can also be used to refer to a woman juggling her own breasts, and is later referenced in other works which has Toriyama's involvement, such as the Dragon Quest franchise. References to the act were removed from the American television broadcast of the Dragon Ball anime adaptation. Chris Carle from IGN said that "more than any other thing though, Roshi is most famous for his lewd sensibilities, and his constant attempts to catch the female characters of the series in revealing positions". Tim Jones from Them Anime Reviews believed that while fan service is prevalent in the original Dragon Ball series, he opined that it is not very extremely offensive as characters like Roshi quite often gets beaten up or punished in retaliation for comedic effect. However, a Dragon Ball Super episode received a major complaint by Japan's Broadcasting Ethics and Program Improvement Organization about a story arc which involved Roshi sexually harassing the female character Yurin.
The character has appeared in several "top" character lists. Japanese fans voted Master Roshi the thirteenth most popular character of the series in a 2004 poll. Master Roshi was ranked second place in a Japanese fan poll conducted by Charapedia for their favorite lecherous male anime and manga characters. Master Roshi is ranked number 9 on IGN's Top 13 Dragon Ball Z Characters List; Carle acknowledged Roshi's primary role within the series as a comic relief character, but also emphasized the importance of the character's legacy for being the inventor of the Kamehameha, "the franchise's most recognizable move and Goku’s signature technique", and that he can still hold his own in battle when necessary. Roshi came in 12th place on Complex.com's list "A Ranking of All the Characters on 'Dragon Ball Z"; Pearce observed that while Master Roshi's role in the series deteriorated with the arrival of the Saiyan characters, he still pops up to offer advice, support, and comic relief.
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- "Ūron Arawaru!!" ウーロンあらわる!! [Oolong Appears!!]. Weekly Shōnen Jump (in Japanese). Shueisha (4/5). 1985-01-15.
- Dragon Ball DVD Box: DragonBox (Booklet) (in Japanese). Minoru Okazaki & Daisuke Nishio. Japan: Pony Canyon. 2004 [1986-1989]. 50482.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Craig Elvy (January 20, 2017). "Dragon Ball Z: 15 Things You Didn't Know About Master Roshi". Screenrant. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
- Mark I. West (2008). The Japanification of Children's Popular Culture: From Godzilla to Miyazaki. Scarecrow Press. p. 205. ISBN 9780810862494. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
- Kalata, Kurt. "The History of Dragon Quest". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Jones, Tim. "Dragon Ball Review". Them Anime Reviews. Retrieved May 23, 2009.
- "Lascivious Master Roshi Suspected Target in Latest BPO Published Complaint". Anime News Network. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- Toriyama, Akira (2004). Dragon Ball Forever (in Japanese). Shueisha. ISBN 4-08-873702-4.
- "Fans Vote For Their Favorite Leacherous Male Characters". Anime News Network. October 31, 2014.
- Shawn Saris (3 Aug 2015). "TOP 13 DRAGON BALL Z CHARACTERS". IGN.
- "A Ranking of All the Characters on 'Dragon Ball Z'". April 2, 2015.
- Monfette, Christopher (9 April 2009). "Dragonball: Evolution Review". IGN. Retrieved 19 July 2013.