The Acts of Union merged both the Parliaments and Kingdoms of Scotland and England in 1707 to be "united into one Kingdom of Great Britain", but a separate legal system and distinct Scottish institutions continue to exist.
The languages of Scots and Gaelic play a key role in nationalist identity. Linguistic independence is primarily associated with the poetry of Robert Burns, before experiencing a resurgence in the Scottish Renaissance, as led by Hugh MacDiarmid.
Within politics, Scottish nationalism was held as a key ideology by the National Party of Scotland which later became the Scottish National Party. Their rise in popularity since the start of the 21st century led to the 2014 Scottish independence referendum.
- Media related to Scottish nationalism at Wikimedia Commons
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